Saturday, March 1, 2008

How to solve the food problem in our world (Research Paper)

What is food? Food is a very important resource for keeps people life, but now we are faced the food crisis. In almost of the world the fertile land is becoming less and less. We don’t have enough fertile land to grow food. Therefore, it becomes a very serious problem when our foods begin to have crisis that can cause we die because of no food supply. We must to find solutions for solve food crisis, because people have to rely on food to get energy, if no food supply anymore people will die from no energy. Next, solve the food problem also save the land. Lands can become fertile again. Finally, if land becomes fertile again, we can grow more trees and plant to create good environment. Depend on these reasons we must to solve our world food problem.

When food become less that will be a very important for everyone because we have to rely on food to keep our life. Therefore, the world food problems become very serious and important. Now, in the world begin have food problems. Our fertile lands are degraded and population grown to cause world food problem. People become more and more, so we have to produce more and more food for this population growth. However, we do not have enough fertile lands to grow food and we already used the land for other purposes. People use the fertile land for growing crops and grazing cattle or for producing biofuels. Then, we don’t have good manner to use the land because we make the soil degraded and erosion. According to an article in Share the World’s Resources, “The majority of soil erosion is caused by water, either through flooding or poor irrigation, with the rest lost to winds. Farming practices such as ploughing also damage soil, as does repeated planting in fields, which depletes the soil of nutrients” (Global Food Crisis Looms as Climate Change and Population Growth Strip Fertile Land, 2007, para. 4). Another serious problem is we log the forest too much cause the deforestation and make too many pollution to pollute soil and land. Therefore, we must to solve these problems for stop the food crisis.

First, we have to change our attitude and manner to use lands because people do not have right attitude and manner to use lands. We use some fertile lands for grazing. According to Common Dreams News Center “the maps reveal that more than one third of the world’s land is being used to grow crops or graze cattle” (Ravilious, 2005, para. 1), so it reduces the number of lands that have fertile we can use to grow food. Another wrong attitude is farmer use the wrong manner to use lands. Farmer always uses land again and again when they are planting food. However, it is very harmful to our land when we do not give the land a rest to replace the nutrition in soil, we cannot grow food anymore. Therefore, replacement is a very important first step to solve food crisis.

Second, stop and reduce harm our land and resources. In this century we live now have a lot of people, so we have big population. Therefore, big population make big problem because people start to damage environment. They make deforestation and pollution. Deforestation means logging a lot of trees, but it is very harmful for our environment. Trees are very important protection for soil because trees can protect and prevent soil and water from going away. However people log tree a lot, so it makes a lot of water and soil are lose from the land and lose good environment of the land to plant food resources, because we lose the fertile land. Also, people make pollution damaged the environment, it cause soil become so bad. Plant foods need good and health environment, but polluted water and soil it make we cannot grow good food because every plant will die from pollution. According to Miller (1994), “air and water pollution from extraction, processing, transportation, and combustion of fossil fuels used in industrialized agriculture (p.43).” In the end, we have to stop harm our land and resources.

Third, we can discover and eat other food resources because of the fertile lands are becoming degraded, so we cannot have enough food to supply our societies. However, we do not have to eat the food we plant from the land, so discover new food resources become very important and necessary. In our world the seafood is not from the land and we do not have to plant it, so seafood is good resource to solve our food crisis. Sometime we can eat seafood to instead when we don’t have enough food to eat. Moreover, sea is a big world under the ground and it has a lot of created live in it, so seafood is good way to solve food crisis. Then, aquaculture is another solution for some countries cannot have seafood. Aquaculture means fish farming. People breed fish and eat it to instead crop. According to Miller (1994), “aquaculture supplies about 10% of the world’s commercial fish harvest (p.46).” and “it can produce high yields (p.46).” Depend on this people do not have to worry about food problem. Moreover, we don’t have to eat the food we plant because we can try to eat wild food. Wild foods grow itself we don’t have to feed them. The wild food like some plants or insects can grow itself without care and feed, so we also can eat it to reduce our food crisis. In fact, according to Miller (1994), “Scientists have identified many plants and inset that could be used as sources of food (p.44).” Therefore, these two food resources are good resources to try.

Opponents of some expert think food problem are not a serious problem and we can use money to get more resources. However that is not a good way to solve food crisis. In our world now we already do not have enough land to grow food. Dr. Ramankutty said, “Expect for Latin America and Africa, all the places in the world where we could grow crops are already being cultivated. The remaining places are either to cold or too dry to grow crops” (Ravilious, 2005, para.11). According to this we can know if we don’t care about the food problem that will become very serious problem. It can mean that we don’t have any food to eat or plant to supply people in the future. Second, using money to get more resources, it goes against the nature. If we don’t replace the environment and just pay more money to get more food resource constantly that can cause everything to become nothing one day. We just pay more and more money to get resource and still do not care the condition about the land, so the environment is still bad. Thus one day the money will be consumed. Finally, countries will become poor because of the bad environment and bad economy. Therefore, stop the na├»ve thinking and stop to waste money for get more food resources. Using money on solve food problem and environment is a very important and best way to rescue country.

In conclusion, food problem is becoming a serious problem cause no food supply, because food crisis is caused by many reasons that we can prevent, so we must prevent food crisis and care about it. To solve food crisis we have to change our attitude and manner of using the lands, stop and reduce harm our land and resources and discover and eat other food resources. Following these methods will help to solve our world food problem. In the end, people should help environment. It is equal to helping themselves to live happily.


References

Cereal prices hit poor countries. (2008, February 14). BBC NEWS. Retrieved February 18, 2008, from http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/7244382.stm

Global food crisis looms as climate change and population growth strip fertile land. (2007, September 11). Share The World’s Resources. Retrieved February 18, 2008, from http://www.stwr.net/content/view/2174/36/

Howe, E & Jansen, G & Anson, M. (n.d.). An approach toward the solution of the world food problem with special emphasis on protein supply. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. Retrieved February 18, 2008, from http://www.ajcn.org/cgi/content/abstract/20/10/1134?maxtoshow=&HITS=10&hits=10&RESULTFORMAT=&fulltext=world+food+problem&searchid=1&FIRSTINDEX=0&sortspec=relevance&resourcetype=HWCIT

Miller, G. T., Jr. (1994). Environment: Problems and solutions. Belmont: Wadsworth Publishing Company.

Ravilious, k. (2005, December 6). Food crisis feared as fertile land runs out. Common Dreams News Center. Retrieved February 18, 2008, from http://www.commondreams.org/cgi-bin/print.cgi?file=/headlines05/1206-01.htm

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